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St. James' parish church
Location within Oxfordshire
OS grid referenceSU7285
Civil parish
Shire county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townHenley-on-Thames
Postcode districtRG9
Dialling code01491
PoliceThames Valley
AmbulanceSouth Central
UK Parliament
Website The Parish of Bix
List of places
51°33′43″N0°57′04″W / 51.562°N 0.951°WCoordinates: 51°33′43″N0°57′04″W / 51.562°N 0.951°W
  1. Bix Wireless
  2. Bix Race
  3. Bixby App
  4. Bixby Public Schools

Bix is a village in the civil parish of Bix and Assendon in South Oxfordshire, about 2.5 miles (4 km) northwest of Henley-on-Thames. The village is about 130 metres (430 ft) above sea level in the Chiltern Hills.



The remains of a Roman farmhouse were found during an excavation of the Common in 1955, as well as later Saxon remains. These were not considered to be worth retaining in an exposed condition and so the area was re-covered.[citation needed]

There were originally two villages: Bix Brand and Bix Gibwyn.[1] The toponym has at various times been Byxe and Bixa. The Domesday Book of 1086 records Bixa as part of the Hundred of Binfield.

Bix Brand's original parish church of Saint James is a small Norman building in Bix Bottom, about 1 mile (1.6 km) north of the village. It has a nave, chancel and several Norman lancet windows.[2] Later additions include the Perpendicular Gothic east window and another Perpendicular window in the south wall.[2] In 1874 the architect John Gibson completed the village's new Church of England parish church, closer to the centre of the village, also dedicated to Saint James.[2] The new church has a north aisle and transept as well as a nave and chancel.[2] Two of the north aisle windows contain sections of late 15th century Flemishstained glass.[2]

The ruins of Bix old church

The old church was abandoned in 1875[2] and became ruined and overgrown.[3][4] Scenes from the 1971 Tigon British Film Productions film The Blood on Satan's Claw were filmed there.[5] Funding from the Heritage Lottery Fund in 2015 has stabilised and preserved the ruin.


Bix Manor has a 17th-century barn.[citation needed]

Bix was a genius, a jazz pioneer according to his peers and music historians. He wrote the compositions In A Mist, Candlelights, In The Dark and Flashes, as well as Davenport Blues. Bix was known as the ultimate gentleman and in those days it wasn't considered proper to turn down a favor, including someone buying him a drink. With 85% of consumers searching online before making a purchase, it’s never been more important for your business to have a website. Create a free and professional website using Wix. With over 500 customizable, eye-catching templates, free reliable web hosting, powerful SEO tools and 24/7 customer care, Wix is more than just a website builder, it’s a complete onlin. Our monthly plans come with a $15 activation fee, if bringing your own device. If buying our modem + service, we waive the activation fee. Click HERE for complete modem list if you want to bring your own device. Business Intelligence Exchange (BIX) Business Intelligence Exchange (BIX) integrates Pega Platform data with information from other systems of record, so organizations can create a broad view of their overall business.

The main road between Henley and Wallingford passes through the parish. It was made into a turnpike in 1736 and ceased to be a turnpike in 1873.[6] The hill between Fair Mile, on the edge of Henley, and Bix was made a dual carriageway in 1937, one of the earliest dual carriageways in the country.[7] It is now the A4130 road.

Bix Wireless


The Warburg Nature Reserve in Bix Bottom is one of the largest that the Berkshire, Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire Wildlife Trust owns and manages in Oxfordshire. It has an important population of Chiltern flora and fauna.[8] It is a Site of Special Scientific Interest.[9]


  1. ^South Oxfordshire Archaeology Group: The Search for the Site of the Lost Church of Bix GibwynArchived 3 September 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ abcdefSherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 457.
  3. ^Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, pp. 457–458.
  4. ^Oxfordshire Churches website: BixArchived 4 December 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^'Filming Locations for The Blood on Satan's Claw'. Internet Movie Database.
  6. ^Turnpike Roads in EnglandArchived 29 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^The Times 16 September 1937, cited in Victoria County History: Oxfordshire: Bix. Text in progress.[permanent dead link]
  8. ^Berkshire, Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire Wildlife Trust, Warburg Nature ReserveArchived 14 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^Natural England, Bix Bottom citationArchived 3 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine

Sources and further reading[edit]

  • Mileson, Stephen; Nicholls, David (2011). 'The 'Lost' Church of Bix Gibwyn'. Oxoniensia. Oxfordshire Architectural and Historical Society. LXXVI: 15–37. ISSN0308-5562.
  • Sherwood, Jennifer; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1974). Oxfordshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 457–458. ISBN0-14-071045-0.
  • Townley, Simon C, ed. (2011). A History of the County of Oxford, Volume 16: Binfield Hundred (Part One): Henley-on-Thames and Environs. Victoria County History. Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer. ISBN978-1-904356-38-7.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bix, Oxfordshire.
Retrieved from ',_Oxfordshire&oldid=997047443'

Leon Bismark (Bix) Beiderbecke

Bix was born on Tuesday evening March 10, 1903, the son of Bismark Herman and Agnes Jane (Aggie, Agatha Hilton) Beiderbecke. He lived at 1934 Grand Ave., Davenport, Iowa. His father was Manager of the East Davenport Lumber and Coal Company. His mother was a musician who played piano; she also was the organist for The First Presbyterian Church. Bix had one older brother Charles Brunette (Burnie) and one sister Mary Louise (Sis).
Bix started kindergarten in 1909 at Tyler School, formerly known as #9. His school records show the name Bismarck; he attended there thru 8th grade. The school was across the street from his house, but it is now a public park. He attended Davenport High School in 1918 until 1920. In September 1921, he was enrolled in Lake Forest Academy, and later expelled on May 21, 1922.
His first gig was in 1921 at Hayne's Dancing School under his own name, The Beiderbecke Five.
After leaving Lake Forest, he played with several bands around Chicago and Davenport, joining the Wolverine Orchestra in 1924. When he was just 24, Bix was making more than $200 a week, which was quite a princely sum in the 1920s. In October 1924 Bix leaves The Wolverines and joins The Jean Goldkette Orchestra. He comes home in 1925 and briefly attends the University of Iowa, February 2-20. He returns to play with Jean Goldkette. In October 1927, Bix joins Paul Whiteman. The Whiteman Orchestra, who had its own train, was on national radio, and played every major concert hall in the USA, including Carnegie Hall where Bix played his own composition 'In A Mist.' Bix continued with Whiteman until September 1929.
Bix was a genius, a jazz pioneer according to his peers and music historians. He wrote the compositions In A Mist, Candlelights, In The Dark and Flashes, as well as Davenport Blues.
Bix was known as the ultimate gentleman and in those days it wasn't considered proper to turn down a favor, including someone buying him a drink. He eventually became dependent on alcohol, a disease which contributed to Lobar Pneumonia and his death on Thursday August 6, 1931 at 9:30 pm at the age of 28 in his Queens, New York apartment. His mother and brother Bernie were on their way to NYC but arrived too late. His body was returned to Davenport with services on August 11, 1931 at Hill & Frederick's Funeral Home, and burial at Oakdale Cemetery, 25th & Eastern Ave. The Beiderbecke's family piano and cornet may be seen at the Putnam Museum and Science Center in Davenport at 12th & Division streets.

Bix Society Historian Gerri Bowers Uncovers Hidden Info

Bix Society Historian Gerri Bowers is one of the most knowledgeable and most respected authorities on Bix Beiderbecke. Her work on sharing the story of his life is tireless. While looking through old photographs her husband Kent had found, she made a remarkable discovery that has not previously been shared. Thanks to Gerri for her dedicated efforts and research in putting together this remarkable story.


My friend Rich Johnson always said, 'More info would turn up on Bix in the future!' Some time ago I was given a binder with some old photos of Bix, other family members and friends, from the estate of Rick O'Dette. There was a rather poor copy of a photo of the R.O.T.C. unit at Davenport High School. In showing this to my husband he remarked, 'We had found a similar image at an estate sale a few years back.' Digging in our archives turned up 2 beautiful 12 x 14 cabinet cards with photo images measuring 9 5/8 x 7 5/8 clearly showing all the members of DHS R.O.T.C. unit. The photos were taken by Hostetler Studio dated 1920.
We already know Bix was at Davenport High in the spring and fall of 1918, 1919, 1920 and the spring of 1921. I had to take a closer look at our photo. I found Bix within seconds: he had sergeant stripes.

National Defense Act of 1916


The focus of JROTC was on secondary schools. High schools were authorized the loan of Federal Military instructors with a minimum enrollment of 100 students over the 14 years of age. From 1916 - 1919 the army established units at only 30 schools. The first unit was at Leavenworth High School in Kansas. It had a modest beginning of 6 units in 1916. During 1919 - 1920 they had 45, 000 students. It was mandatory. The cadets had 3 hours of military instructions per week for 3 years.

Bix Race

April 9, 1918 Democrat Leader Newspaper
'Military Work Will Be Added to High School'

Board votes to install compulsory service next semester. In adopting military training, the school board approved a resolution recently adopted by the board of education at Cleveland, Ohio, copies of which have been sent to 200 large cities and towns. The resolution is addressed to President Woodrow Wilson, Secretary of War, N. B. Baker, and members of congress urging the adoption of universal military service.

School Paper April 19, 1918
'Davenport High Made Branch of H.S. Volunteers Of U.S.'

All students over the age of 16 years to take military training. It has hundreds of schools throughout the country following its plan and Davenport can now stand proudly in this list. It is known that the Juniors and Seniors and all others over the age of sixteen years of age will take this training and that they may substitute it for physical culture. It is understood that the government will furnish equipment, not including uniforms, which will be arranged for in some other way. It means simply that there will be over three hundred uniformed cadets in the High, all of whom will learn the elements of self defense.


This was found at the Davenport School Museum, 1616 Brady Street. Following World War I, federal money became available for High Schools to offer military training for their students. D.H. S. started this program in 1919. Many facets of military training were included in the program. Fall dress inspections and parades were held. In the early 1960's the program was dropped due to lack of interest plus diminishing funding from the army.

March 19, 1920 Daily Times
'G.A.R. Ladies Give Flag to R.O.T.C.'

As a mark of recognition for their works and aims, the Ladies of the Grand Army of the Republic presented the Reserve Officers Training Corps unit of Davenport High School with a regulation parade flag.

March 26, 1920 Daily Times
'Entertainment Well Attended'

The Parent - Teachers of Davenport High School held a party for the students. The final exhibition was staged by the R.O.T.C., the military organization under the direction of Captain James W. Peyton. An awkward squad was first with a series of maneuvers, showing what the instructor first found in military material and later how it was developed. Accordingly a crack platoon was summoned and these 40 boys in uniform presented several divisions of their army training. The final piece was a tableau. Liberty was standing on a pedestal surrounded by men & boys portraying steps in America's defense; directly behind were assembled in semi-circle the entire R.O.T.C. unit as a fitting background.

June 3, 1920 Davenport Daily Times
'Honor Emblems are Presented 40 Arsenal Men
School Cadets from Davenport Lend Military Touch to Scene'

Honor emblems of gold, silver, and bronze designed and manufactured at the Rock Island Arsenal were presented to 40 employees. The awards were made to workman, who have spent from 30 to 50 years in service of the government.
A detachment from the Reserve Officers Training Corps from Davenport High, under the command of Captain J.W. Peyton, added a military touch to the presentation.
A detachment from the Reserve Officers Training Corps from Davenport High under the command of Captain J.W. Peyton added a military touch to the presentation.

September 8, 1920 The Daily Times
Army Officer at D.H.S. to be Capt. Byrom


Capt. James F. Byrom, United States Army, has been assigned to Davenport High School as commanding officer of the R.O.T.C. He has been ordered here immediately for his new work and is expected within a few days. He is coming from a Military Academy at Waynesboro, Virginia. He will replace Capt. J.W. Peyton, who is on the army's retirement list.

November 9, 1920 The Daily Times
'H.S. Cadets To Be In Line'

For the Armistice Day parade Thursday morning will march the cadets of the Reserve Officers Training Corps of Davenport High School. Arrangements have been made to excuse members of the corps from school class work.

Public Schools Synopsis of Study

A Junior Unit of the R.O.T.C. has been established in the Davenport High School by the War Department. This unit is under the instruction and command of two regular army officers. The government supplies the complete equipment without any cost to the individual including arms and ammunition.
Last year, under the capable and effective guidance of Major Peyton, the unit was carried through the difficulties and was rounded into such excellent shape that it was placed first among all the junior units of this district. Under Capt. Byrom the unit was organized into two companies. Drill progressed smoothly and rapidly until Capt. Byrom was promoted to the rank of Major, and was removed to his former position in Virginia. Robert Carmody, Major of Cavalry, was assigned to fill the place left vacant by Major Byrom.

Bix Lives

Yes, Bix was a member of the Reserve Officers Training Corps program at Davenport High. The 1st photo shows Bix with sergeant stripes. He is sitting down, #1 on the left hand side. The 2nd photo, Bix is standing #37 from left, he is right behind the second platoon leader. In the first photo, Raymond Moore is the first cadet standing right behind Bix. Raymond sang with Bix in 1920 D.H.S. Musical Program at the Grand Opera House. They sang 'Black Jazz Babies'.

Friends of Bix's in R.O.T.C.

Bixby App

Since knowing that R.O.T.C. was mandatory, many of Bix's friends were right there with him: Erskine Albright, George VonMaur, Karl Vollmer, Larry Andrews and Raymond Moore.

Bixby Public Schools

See a photo gallery of Bix Beiderbecke here.

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